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Impressionism

Impressionism

Impressionism is a pictorial style that originated in France in the second half of the 19th century. It is characterized by its persistent experimentation with lighting (similar to luminism). The handling of light is considered a crucial factor for achieving beauty and balance in painting.

Impressionist paintings are technically constructed from rough patches of colors, which act as points of a broader polychromy, that is the work itself. Therefore, when observing the canvases, it is necessary to take a certain distance, so that lights, shadows, and figures appear.


Historical Context of Impressionist Art

The emergence of Impressionism occurs as a consequence of a very important social change; during the late 18th century and the first half of the 19th century, the following transformations occur: industrial revolution, French revolution, Napoleon's empire, restoration of social movements, and bourgeois reforms. The Rationalist philosophy of the enlightenment fades along with Romanticism, leaving behind the stylistics where feeling, imagination, and passions govern the arts. Now nationalist and socialist ideas color collective thought.

By the second half of the 19th century (the period in which Impressionism was born), there was economic growth in Europe. The intensification of trade and technical progress led to the consolidation of the bourgeoisie. Social classes were reorganized, and socialist leaders from all over Europe met to discuss these changes. The philosophy of the time was positivist and realist, where things were tested and transformation of the world was demanded. Art changed along with society.


Origin of the Name

In 1874, the first exhibition of a group of young painters was organized in the "Société Anonyme Coopérative des Artistes, Peintres, Sculpteurs, Graveurs", Paris. In this exhibition, the impressionist artistic style was named after the famous artwork “Impression” (1874), by Claude Monet.

Original impressionist painting. Detail of Claude Monet's work. Sun reflected in the sea, painted in oil.


Nature of the Style

The style is classified as the first break in the process that would lead to modern art. In the paintings from the early 19th century, landscapes and still lifes were not valued, so Impressionism not only opens the viewer's eyes to technique but also to a variety of shapes and the capture of everyday landscapes seen from the most ingenious perspectives. The colors are pure, little mixed, and combined in forms of extreme naturalism. The guidelines that consummate this trend are: the movement of the landscape, the naturalness of the forms, and purity.


Impressionist Painters

What unites these geniuses of painting is the intention to reproduce scenes of everyday life in a creative way. Most of the time, they can be clearly distinguished by their aesthetics, blurred images, and works of an unfinished appearance.

Among the most famous impressionist artists are (in chronological order):

  1. Camille Pissarro (1830-1903).
  2. Édouard Manet (1832-1883).
  3. Edgar Degas (1834-1917).
  4. Alfred Sisley (1839-1899).
  5. Paul Cézanne (1839-1906).
  6. Claude Monet (1840-1926).
  7. Jean-Frédéric Bazille (1841-1870).
  8. Pierre-Auguste Renoir (1841-1919).
  9. Berthe Morisot (1841-1895).
  10. Mary Cassatt (1844-1926).
  11. Gustave Caillebotte (1848-1894).

These painters have demonstrated that art can be created by looking at the same thing in different ways, instead of seeking a different landscape or object each time. In this way, they responded to the social controversy of the moment: An order can be created for everyone equally, asking for the collaboration of each social group, rather than power shifting from one political group to another.


Examples of Impressionist paintings in the store:

125 products

The Bridge at Villeneuve-la-Garenne, Sisley
Still Life with Apples, Cézanne
Wisteria, Monet
Wisteria $149.00 USD
Haystacks, Monet
Haystacks $149.00 USD
A Game of Croquet, Manet
The Café-Concert, Manet
The Battle of the Kearsarge and the Alabama, Manet
Fog on Guernsey (Brouillard à Guernsey), Renoir
The Piazza San Marco, Renoir
Girl Reading, Renoir
Girl Reading $249.00 USD
The Rue Mosnier Dressed with Flags, Manet
The Ship's Deck, Manet
The Ship's Deck $149.00 USD
The Card Players, Cézanne
The Oise near Pontoise in Grey Weather, Pissarro
The Tree by the Bend, Cézanne
The Pond, Cézanne
The Pond $149.00 USD
The Bridge at Moret, Sisley
Square in Argenteuil (Rue de la Chaussée), Sisley
Road at Wargemont, Renoir
Still Life with Bouquet, Renoir
La Grenouillère, Renoir
Rochefort's Escape, Manet
On the Beach, Manet
On the Beach $149.00 USD
Landscape at Louveciennes, Sisley
Charing Cross Bridge, Monet
The Magpie, Monet
The Magpie $149.00 USD
Fruit and a Jug on a Table, Cézanne
Still Life with Flowers and Fruit, Cézanne
Country House with River, Cézanne
Route de Versailles, Rocquencourt, Pissarro
Boulevard Montmartre, Spring. Pissarro
Peasants' houses, Eragny. Pissarro
Apple Harvest, Pissarro
Apple Harvest $370.00 USD
The Effect of Fog, Pissarro
The Factory at Pontoise, Pissarro
Poultry Market at Gisors
The French Theater Square, Pissarro
Boulevard Montmartre, morning, cloudy weather. Pissarro
The Hermitage at Pontoise, Pissarro
Bouquet of Sunflowers, Monet
The Cliffs at Étretat, Monet
Quarry at Bibémus, Cézanne
The Rehearsal, Degas
The Rehearsal $370.00 USD
Swaying Dancer (Dancer in Green), Degas
Dancers in Blue, Degas
Dancers in Blue $249.00 USD
A Rye Field, Pissarro
A Rye Field $149.00 USD
Ballet at the Paris Opéra, Degas
Morning Sunlight Effect, Eragny. Pissarro